Conflanser 1761

Bei diesem Text handelt es sich um einen gekürzten Auszug aus dem Buch “Aurich – von C.B. Meyer bis auf unsere Tage. Erstes Buch.” von Gramberg, Kalli (1992), Stadt Aurich, Druckerei Soltau-Kurier-Norden. S. 9.

Im „Siebenjährigen Krieg” (1756 bis 1763), den König FRIEDRICH II. in Sachsen, Böhmen und Schlesien führt, sind seine westlichen Provinzen ohne Schutz, was die Österreicher, aber vor allem die Franzosen zum Vorrücken bis nach Ostfriesland veranlaßt, um preußisches Eigentum in Besitz zu nehmen und Kriegskontributionen, das heißt Gelder, einzutreiben.

Das geschieht zunächst 1757; aber vergleichsweise harmlos zum Einfall einer etwa 1000 Mann starken Freischar im September/Oktober 1761 unter der Anleitung eines Marquis de CONFLANS, die ähnlich den Söldnerscharen des „Dreißigjährigen Krieges” beginnt, Ostfriesland zu „brandschatzen”. Es wird geraubt, gemordet, vergewaltigt und geplündert, bis sich besonders die drangsalierten Bauern zu wilden Haufen zusammenrotten und sich höchstblutig zur Wehr setzen, was wiederum Plündern und Morden nach sich zieht.

Während CONFLANS mit dem Gros seiner Truppe in Emden einzieht und sich Quartiere nach Belieben aussucht, erscheint am 23. September eine Abteilung von 50 Husaren in Aurich und fordert 200 000 Taler – sonst Plünderung und Brandfackel! Eine wilde Soldateska beraubt die überraschten Bürger auf offener Straße, dringt in die Häuser und holt sich Wertsachen aus erbrochenen Kisten und Schränken. Die geforderte Kontribution kann nicht aufgebracht werden, und weil sich die Holtroper zum Widerstand zusammenschließen und eine Husarenschwadron blutig vertreibt, befürchten die Auricher Schlimmeres.

Am 25. erscheint CONFLANS persönlich. Er schickt seine Reiter in Richtung Schirum, wo diese bei Gefechten mit den Bauern zehn Mann verlieren und sich teils verwundet in die Stadt zurückziehen müssen. Der Marquis, in betrunkenem Zustand, will „jeden klagenden Bürger von seiner Treppe herunterschießen”. Er brüllt aus dem Fenster: „Husaren – plündert, brennt!” Aber der Befehl wird nicht ausgeführt. Von Emden kommt am nächsten Tag Verstärkung. Der Amtmann STÜRENBURG muß nach Schirum hinausreiten, um die Bauern zu besänftigen und ihnen, bei ruhigem Verhalten, Amnestie versprechen – vergeblich. CONFLANS zieht sich nach Emden zurück. In einem Verteidigungs-Karree verharrt seine Räuberbande auf dem übersichtlichen Auricher Marktplatz bis zum nächsten Morgen.

Dann nehmen die Franzosen den Regierungspräsidenten von DERSCHAU und Amtmann STÜRENBURG als Geisel und ziehen raubend und mordend ihrem Anführer in Richtung Emden hinterher. – Zwei harmlose Wanderer werden erschlagen, der Ort Haxtum bis auf zwei Häuser eingeäschert, bei Rahe eine 76jährige Frau durch Kolbenstöße getötet, in Barstede der Prediger* zur Herausgabe der Kirchengeräte schwer mißhandelt, in Bangstede ein Mann erschossen, Ochtelbur und Riepe ausgeplündert, daselbst ein 80jähriger Greis „niedergesäbelt” und eine Frau mit dem Bajonett erstochen.
Der ganze schlimme Spuk dauert vom 22. September bis zum 7. Oktober, dann ziehen sich die Franzosen aus Ostfriesland zurück, wobei der mutige Einsatz unseres Regierungspräsidenten von DERSCHAU bei seinen Vermittlungen erwähnt werden muß. Es gelingt ihm, die Kontributionen wesentlich herunterzuhandeln. Dennoch wird viel ostfriesisches Eigentum in endlosem Transport südwärts entführt – darunter 694 Pferde und 356 Stück Rindvieh. Noch nach 100 Jahren nennt man einen bösen Hofhund: „Cunflanser”!

*Anmerkung von Jens Kettwig: Pastor Christian Daniel Kettwig, Pastor in Barstede 1755-1763.

Predigerdienst in Barstede bis 1931

Zusammengestellt von Hinrich Schoolmann. (Dieser Text ist einem Zeitungsartikel entnommen, der mir nur als Kopie vorliegt. Ich habe keine Ahnung wann und in welcher Zeitung er erschienen ist.)

Barstede. Der Ort begegnet uns um 1408 als Barstede (Friedländers Urkundenbuch I 214) und im Stader Copiar um 1420 als Kerstede, hier dürfte jedoch ein Druck- oder Schreibfehler die Verstümmelung des Namens verursacht haben. Was im übrigen über den Ort und über die Kirche im allgemeinen bekannt ist, hat Bernhard Uphoff in seiner Ortskunde gesagt.

Diese Angaben möchte ich insoweit ergänzen, als ich die Geistlichen benenne, die seit 1595 lückenlos bis 1931, als die Stelle vakant wurde, bekannt sind. Aus der vorreformatorischen Zeit sind keine Prediger genannt. Wenn ich Houtrouw richtig verstehe, ist die Gemeinde damals von Aurich aus bedient worden. Dies geht vielleicht auch daraus hervor, dass der Auricher Prediger Herr Johannes im Jahre 1408 den von ihm in dortiger Kirche gestifteten Altar u. a. mit Wiesen in Barstede dotiert. (Houtrouw, Ostfriesland S. 68/69).

In der Zeit nach der Reformation standen folgende Geistliche in Barstede:

 

1540 Derk Specker
1563 Johannes (Nachname unbekannt)
1567 Paulus Raez
1595 Diederich Schnürwange
1699-1624 Heinrich Velthusen, nachher in Rahe
1624-1634 Gerhard Bünting, geboren in Edewecht i. Oldbg., wirkte anschließend in Osteel
1634-1641 Hajo Foccius Röling, kam von Bangstede, und starb 1641 in Barstede
1642-1682 Johann Kettwig, geboren 1614 in Wittmund, gestorben am 28. April 1682 in Barstede
1682-1720 Daniel Kettwig, kam von Amdorf und starb 1720 in Barstede
1721-1736 Otto Helmrich Bierhausen, kam von Ochtelbur und starb am 29. Februar 1736 in Barstede
1736-1755 Johann Gerhard Gossel, Pastorensohn,geboren am 4. Juni 1713 in Esens, gestorben am 21. März 1755 in Barstede
1755-1763 Christian Daniel Kettwig, Pastorensohn, geboren am 28. Januar 1729 in Amdorf, wurde nach Forlitz-Blaukirchen berufen. Unter seiner Amtszeit wurden die im Pfarrhaus aufbewahrten Abendmahlsgeräte, ein schwerer silberner und stark vergoldeter Abendmahlskelch mit dazugehöriger Schüssel und Oblatendose im Siebenjährigen Krieg von den Confans’schen Freibeutern geraubt, und als der Pastor sich dem widersetzte, wurde er schwer misshandelt und ausgeplündert.
1763-1764 Johann Gottfried Casimir Oepke, geboren am 18. Februar 1736 in Haldensleben, nach Arle berufen. [gestorben am 24. November 1803 in Emden]*
1764-1771 Johann Günther Stellwagen, geboren am 21. März in Pogum, Pastorensohn, nach Pogum berufen
1772-1774 Gottlieb Friedrich Wegener, Pastorensohn, geboren in Hohengrape (Pommern), nach Engerhafe berufen
1774-1790 Peter Sebastian Dettmers, kam von Collinghorst und starb am 17. Januar 1790 in Barstede
1790-1809 Peter Andreas Arnold Detmers, Sohn seines Vorgängers, geboren am 11. August 1867, gestorben am 1. März 1809 in Barstede
1809-1849 Johann Hinrich Schmertmann, kam von Collinghorst und starb am 16. Januar 1849 in Barstede. [geboren am 12. Juli 1767 in Leer]*
1851-1880 Elias Weßhelius Tillmann, Pastorensohn, geboren am 30. März 1821 in Norden, gestorben am 5. Oktober 1881 in Barstede
1883-1931 Johann Heinrich Winfried Riese, Pastorensohn, geboren am 19. Dezember 1856 in Timmel. Er war als Imker (Bienenpastor) überall bekannt.

 

* Die ergänzenden Daten stammen von Herrn Diedrich Fritzsche

Gesche Kettwich (1850-1952)Gesche Kettwich (1850-1952)

Gesche Hinrichs Schloemer Kettwich is not a name that most people in Minonk will remember since she died in 1952. In addition, she was not a civic leader or a prominent name in social circles. However, her life was long and interesting and reflects the lifestyle of the early settlers in this area. She had eleven children, most of whom settled in Minonk, and had 122 living descendants at the time of her death.

As a little boy, I remember my Great Grandma Kettwich as a little soft-spoken woman who spoke mostly German. My mother would translate our conversations with her. I also remember her as the typical widow lady of that time. She always wore long dresses that hung to the floor and more often than not the dresses had long sleeves and were black. In addition, she wore the old granny shoes which were laced black pointed shoes with a heavy heel.

Grandma Kettwich was born in Germany in 1850 and married Uffe Gerdes Kettwich in that country on January 28, 1871. They immigrated to America by steamship later that year and went directly from New York to Sacramento, California by train. From Sacramento they took a stagecoach to Norfolk, California where they bought a five room furnished house for $103 and sold it for $50 when they left.

Her husband Uffe spent two and one-half years digging for gold. The men dug along the river bank, emptied a spade of mud into a box with a screened bottom. Water was flushed through the box, washing away the mud and the dirt,leaving a deposit of gold nuggets. Some pieces of gold were as large as peas, but most were smaller.
Besides the regular house work, Grandma Kettwich had a garden where she raised beans, peas, potatoes, cabbage, etc. Peach trees and grapevines were grown, and a small patch of wheat was raised to feed the chickens.

In California the summer days were hot and the nights cool. They experienced a few small earthquakes.

Their first born child Gerhardt was born in California but died at a young age when he was bitten by a snake as he sat next to the garden watching his mother tend the garden. Some relatives say they remember Grandma wearing the rattlers on her dress from the snake that she killed . Later they had another child, Lena, who was six weeks old when Uffe and Gesche came to Minonk.
They lived in Minonk two and one-half years. During this time Uffe worked in the coal mine store, furniture store, and the brick yard. In 1875 they moved to a farm east of Minonk where they raised their eleven children.

They retired in 1916 and moved to Flanagan. Mr. Kettwich died in 1923. After his death Grandma Kettwich spent the rest of her life living with her various children. This was before nursing homes were popular and families would take care of their own elderly. Grandma Kettwich would stay for 3 or 4 months with one of her children and then go stay with another. This went on for almost 30 years. To my knowledge she was never in a hospital.

Grandma Kettwich’s longevity was passed on to her children. The ages at which they died were Lena Bauman 87, George 73, Henry 77, Lucy Osterman 96, John 92, Carl 85, Eilert 93, Uffe 94, Sena Rients 97, Anna Post 87. A daughter Christina Wyman died at 36 during the 1918 flu epidemic. Grandma Kettwich was remembered as a small active woman with warm brown eyes, cheerful, considerate of others and a devout Christian woman. Her daily prayers meant much to her.

I remember going to my Grandma Bauman’s house after Great Grandma Kettwich’s funeral in 1952. The house was teeming with her many relatives. The mood was joyous rather than sad. Everyone knew that this would be the last time there would be such a large gathering of the family. Also, everyone knew that we were celebrating a long life full of many great experiences.

My mother once told me that Great Grandma Kettwich had heart trouble when she was in her forties. But she still lived to be almost 102. It is obvious to me that the best cure for heart trouble is to be surrounded with the love of a large and caring family.

 

Front row left: Tina Wyman, Sena Rients, Uffe Kettwich, Lena Bauman, Gesche Kettwich, Ann Post, and Lucy Osterman.
Back row left: Henry, John, George, Eilert, Charles, and Uffe Kettwich Jr. Picture around 1912.

Research by her granddaughter Shirley Lutkomski.
Written by her great grandson David Uphoff.
Originally published at 
http://www.minonktalk.com/grandket.htm
Published with author’s permission.

Emmo und Ricka KettwigEmmo and Ricka Kettwig

Emmo (Emil) Jürgens Kettwig (1877-1955) oo Ricka Luken

The history of the Kettwig family can be traced back to the year 1572 in Northern Germany where the family originated. Emmo was the son of Haukelena and Jürgen Kettwig, born in Hesel, Ostfriesland, Germany, in 1877. He grew to young manhood there before coming to America. At this time all young men had to serve in the German army, which Emmo and his brothers did not want to do. One brother John C. and sister Irene came before him. They settled at Daws [Dows], Iowa, where they had relatives. Emmo returned to Germany in 1900 to visit his parents and never saw them again. In 1903 he came to South Dakota where he met and married Ricka Luken Nov. 13, 1907. They farmed in the Hazel area. The Kettwigs moved to Watertown [South Dakota, SD] in 1950. Emmo passed away in May, 1955 and is buried in Mt. Hope Cemetery.

Seven children were born to Emmo and Ricka:

Florence Helena was born in 1908 and died in 1930 ??. She married Jack McAfee and had one son Jack, born in 1935.

Irene Evangeline (1909-1930) married Fred DeBoer. Both girls are buried in the Hazel Cemetery.

Frances Mable married Milton Holt of Hayti Nov. 22, 1930. They farmed for a short time near Hazel. About 1940 they moved to Brandywine, Md [State of Maryland, MD] and later retired to Avon Park, Fla [State of Florida, FL]. Seven children were born to them: Adeline, Thelma, Phyllis, Milo – killed in a motorcycle accident -, Bonnie, Sidney and Linda.

Herman Raymond married Margaret Lantgen April 20, 1937. They adopted a daughter Donna Jean and raised a foster son Kevin Brist. Herman farmed in the Hazel area until 1978, living most of those years on the land known at the Raum farm southwest of Hazel. He built a new home in Hazel in 1978.

Mable Frances married Oliver Baxter Oct. 14, 1936. They raised three children, Thomas Edson and Theone May, twins and Carol Jane. Mable and Oliver lived in Hazel until 1941 when they purchased the William Barrett farm northeast of Hazel, living there until 1972, when trey moved to rural Watertown building a new home five and one half miles west of the city.

Louise Margaret was married to Edward Fiferlick. They had one daughter, LaVonne. In 1944 she married John Rennia and had one son Alan John. John Rennia passed away in Oct. 1968. Louise married LeRoy Bender Aug. 25, 1975. In 1978 they purchased the Wheel Inn Cafe at Watertown.

Jerry Chris married Elaine Kruthoff of Clark, Aug. 5, 1952. They lived in Clark [SD] and Watertown for a number of years, before moving to Auburn, Wash. [State of Washington, WA]. They raised four daughters, Lori, Deanna, Kathy, and Pam.

Source: Hamlin Historical Committee, Hamlin County, South Dakota – 1878 – 1979, provided by Hans-Georg Boyken

Johann und Anna KettwigJohann and Anna Kettwig

Johann Christian Kettwig (1875-1951) oo Anna M. Luken (1889-1981)

Brother of Emme (Emil) Jürgens Kettwig (1877-?) and Jürgen Harminus Kettwig (1894-1920).
John C. Kettwig was born Oct. 31, 1875 at Hesel, Ostfriesland, Germany. At the age of 15 he came to the United States as an immigrant whose passage was paid by an uncle who already lived in Iowa. In turn, John worked as a farm laborer for him for five years to repay this passage. After farming in Iowa, he came to South Dakota in 1905. He and his brother Emil rented land just on the southern edge of Codington County, South Dakota, three miles north of Hazel. By 1907 he had built a house and farm buildings four miles north and one west of Hazel, presently owned by Earl Paulsen.

On Feb. 22, 1909, he married Anna M. Luken, who was also born in Germany at Langholt in Ostfriesland on Oct. 26, 1890. She is the daughter of Herman and Flora Luken, who also traveled to America, settling at Clarian, Iowa. The Luken family moved to South Dakota in 1907, living on farms in the Hazel vicinity.

John and Anna had farmed only one year when they sold out and purchased the McCormick Deering Implement in Hazel from Lantenschlager. The lived in the house presently owned by Clara Fuerstenau now chosen as the historical site in Hazel.

The first child, Lena, was born on Sept. 1910. They continued in business until the fall of 1913 when they moved to the Herman Abraham farm in Brantford Township. It was here that their second child, Johnny, was born on Nov. 15, 1914. They continued to farm on the Abraham location until the fall of 1918 when they moved onto one quarter section purchased land on which they built a new house and farm buildings. This was also located in Brantford Township, School district 3.On March 29, 1919, a third child, Harwey, was born. He lived only 16 months, dying of a mastoid infection. On May 1, 1929, a fourth child, Doris, was born. All the children attended Brantford 3 grade school, where John was a member of the school board for 25 years.

The family were members of Our Savior’s Lutheran Church for many years. The family continued farming on the same location through the depression and dry years on through World War II days, each  family members was married. On Jan. 23, 1951, John C. passed away. Anna remained on the farm for another 10 years. She moved to her present location, the former Cottrell house in Hazel. She is a member of St. Paul’s Lutheran Church in Henry.

At this writing the family includes Anna, the three living children and their spouses, 12 living grandchildren and their spouses, 18 great-grandchildren, one of whom it married, and two great-great-grandchildren.”

Source: Geschichte von Hamlin County, South Dakota – 1878-1979. provided by Hans-Georg Boyken